2005 - IPSWAM (Bangladesh)
During the nintees, Euroconsult (now Euroconsult Mott MacDoanld),
a Dutch consultancy company was implementing three projects using
Pachamama Raymi: PAC-II in Bolivia, the Program ALA 94/89 in Guatemala
(both financed by the European Union) and the Institute for Water and
the Environment (IMA) in Cusco, Peru (a project financed by the
Netherlands International Cooperation). In 1994 Euroconsult reprinted
the first book (pdf) written about Pachamama Raymi (A training system for community development).
In 2005, Euroconsult produces
a proposal to use the methodology Pachamama Raymi in another project.
This time in Bangladesh, also financed by the Netherlands International
Cooperation: Integrated Planning for Sustainable Water Management (IPSWAM).
IPSWAM is a project to improve water management in polders (extensive,
extremely flat areas, protected against flooding by a series of
embankments). IPSWAM places a particular emphasis on people’s
participation. Willem van Immerzeel proposes a manual (pdf)
for use in the different polders. However, after intense internal
discussions it is decided to opt for a more conventional methodology.